Tropicals: A Comprehensive Overview of Types of Hanging Basket Plants

  1. Hanging basket plants
  2. Types of Hanging Basket Plants
  3. Tropicals

Do you want to add a touch of greenery to your home but don't have much space? Hanging basket plants can be the perfect solution! From lush ferns to vibrant flowering varieties, these tropical beauties are easy to care for and can bring a bright splash of colour to your balcony or patio. In this article, we'll take a comprehensive look at the different types of hanging basket plants available, so you can find the perfect addition to your home. Tropicals are a great choice for hanging baskets, bringing texture and color to your outdoor living space. From ferns and begonias to orchids and ivies, there are many different types of tropical plants available for you to choose from. Understanding the best conditions for each type of plant is key to ensuring that your hanging basket plants stay healthy and thrive.

Ferns require moist soil, and prefer indirect sunlight or shade. Begonias need well-drained soil, and prefer bright, indirect sunlight. Orchids thrive in indirect light and prefer a humid environment with temperatures between 60-85 degrees. Ivies require well-drained soil, and prefer bright but indirect light.

Proper watering techniques are important for the health of your tropical plants. Overwatering can lead to root rot, while underwatering can cause leaves to become brittle and wilted. Generally, tropical plants need to be watered when the top inch of soil is dry. It is also important to fertilize each type of plant according to its specific requirements; most tropical plants require fertilization every two weeks during their growing season.

Common pests and diseases that affect tropical plants include spider mites, aphids, mealybugs, root rot, powdery mildew, and leaf spot. Treating pests and diseases quickly can help prevent them from spreading to other plants. To treat pests, you can use chemical insecticides or horticultural oils. For diseases, a fungicide may be necessary.

Keeping your tropical plants healthy in hanging baskets requires a few simple steps. Avoid overcrowding the basket by providing plenty of space for each plant so that they have room to grow. Additionally, use light-weight potting soil that drains easily and doesn’t become soggy. Finally, make sure that your plants receive adequate sunlight and water so that they don’t become stressed or malnourished.

Sunlight Requirements

When it comes to caring for tropical plants in hanging baskets, one of the most important considerations is ensuring they get the right amount of sunlight.

Different types of tropical plants require different levels of sunlight, and it is important to know how much each type needs in order to provide the best care. Ferns, begonias, and ivies are all types of tropical plants that thrive in full sun. They should be placed in an area that receives at least six hours of sunlight each day. If they do not get enough sunlight, the leaves may become pale or yellow and the plant may not bloom.

Orchids and some other types of tropical plants require partial shade or filtered sunlight. They should be placed in an area that receives no more than four hours of direct sunlight per day. Too much direct sunlight can cause the foliage to burn and the flowers to wilt. Finally, there are some types of tropical plants that prefer full shade.

These include caladiums and impatiens, which should be placed in a spot that receives no more than two hours of direct sunlight per day. If they receive too much light, the foliage may become scorched and the flowers may fail to bloom.

Fertilizer Requirements

Tropical plants in hanging baskets require regular fertilizing to stay healthy. The type of fertilizer you should use, and how often you should apply it, depends on the specific type of plant.


Ferns prefer a fertilizer with a balanced nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium ratio, such as a 10-10-10 fertilizer.

Apply fertilizer every two weeks during the growing season and once a month during the winter.


Begonias require fertilizer with a higher phosphorus content, such as a 5-10-5 or 8-8-8 mix. Fertilize begonias every two weeks during the growing season and once a month during the winter.


For orchids, use a 20-20-20 blend of fertilizer.

Apply orchid fertilizer every two weeks during the growing season and once every two months during the winter.


Ivy requires a 10-10-10 fertilizer. Fertilize every two weeks during the growing season and once a month during the winter.

Soil Requirements

When it comes to soil requirements for tropical plants in hanging baskets, there are a few key points to consider.

Lightweight potting soil is important for any type of hanging basket plant as it helps to ensure good drainage and prevents the roots from becoming waterlogged. Additionally, the soil should be rich in organic matter and have a good balance of nutrients. The soil requirements for each type of tropical plant will vary slightly depending on the individual species. Ferns, for example, prefer a soil with higher acidity and more moisture than other plants, while begonias need a light, well-draining soil with plenty of organic matter. Orchids require a soil with lower acidity and excellent drainage, while ivies prefer a soil that is slightly acidic and rich in organic matter.

When choosing a potting soil for your tropical plants, it is important to select one that is light and airy so that it allows for good drainage. Additionally, potting soils may contain additional nutrients, such as fertilizer, but should not contain large amounts of peat moss or compost as this can negatively affect the plant’s health. Lastly, it is important to make sure that the soil is free of weed seeds or other contaminants that could harm the plant.

Common Pests & Diseases

When it comes to hanging baskets, tropical plants can be susceptible to certain pests and diseases that can damage or even destroy them. Common pests that affect tropical plants include aphids, mealybugs, thrips, spider mites, and scale.

Symptoms of pests include yellowing leaves, curling leaves, wilting, and spots or discoloration on the leaves. To treat these pests, you can use a neem oil solution or insecticidal soap. In addition to pests, diseases can also affect tropical plants in hanging baskets. Common diseases include fungal diseases like rust and powdery mildew, as well as bacterial diseases like blight and leaf spot. Symptoms of these diseases include discoloration of the leaves, wilting, and spots or patches on the leaves.

To treat fungal diseases, you can use a fungicide solution or a baking soda solution. To treat bacterial diseases, you can use a copper-based fungicide. To prevent pests and diseases from occurring in the first place, it is important to keep your plants well-watered and fertilized. Additionally, ensure that your plants are not overcrowded in the hanging basket, as this can make them more susceptible to pests and diseases.

Lastly, make sure to inspect your plants regularly for signs of pests and diseases.

Water Requirements

Watering is an important factor to consider when caring for tropical plants in hanging baskets. It is essential to provide enough water for the plants to thrive, but also not to over-water them. In general, tropical plants should be watered twice a week, or when the soil feels dry to the touch. However, some varieties may require more or less frequent watering depending on their specific needs. For most tropical plants, rainwater is the ideal choice for watering.

Rainwater is free from chemical additives and pollutants, so it can help keep plants healthy. Tap water is also suitable for tropical plants, but it may contain chlorine or other chemicals that can harm the plant over time. In addition, tap water can have a high mineral content which can lead to build up in the soil and cause damage to the plant’s roots. When it comes to specific types of tropical plants for hanging baskets, each one has its own specific watering requirements. For example, ferns and begonias prefer moist soil and should be watered regularly.

Orchids need more moisture and should be watered more frequently. Ivies do not require as much water and should only be watered when the soil is dry. In general, it is important to pay attention to the specific needs of each type of tropical plant in a hanging basket. Watering too often can lead to root rot and other issues, while watering too little can cause the plant to become stressed and unhealthy. By providing the right amount of water for each type of plant, you can ensure that your tropical hanging basket plants stay healthy and vibrant. Tropicals are an excellent choice for hanging baskets, adding color, texture, and life to your outdoor living space.

With the right sunlight, water, soil, fertilizer, and pest/disease prevention strategies, you can create a lush oasis with your tropical plants. Proper care and maintenance are essential for these plants to thrive and bring beauty to your outdoor living space.

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